One Stop Centre Scheme Guidelines Sakhi Centres

One Stop Centre Scheme Guidelines Sakhi Centres 

Popularly known as 'Sakhi,' it was implemented on 1st April 2015 with the 'Nirbhaya' fund.Till date, around 234 OSCs have been established across the country to provide integrated support and assistance under one roof to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces in a phased manner.The One Stop Centres are established at various locations in India for providing shelter, police desk, legal, medical and counselling services to victims of violence under one roof integrated with a 24-hour Helpline.

The toll-free helpline number is 181.
About the scheme:
Popularly known as Sakhi, Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD) has formulated this Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

It is a sub – scheme of Umbrella Scheme for National Mission for Empowerment of women including Indira Gandhi Mattritav Sahyaog Yojana.

Under the scheme, One Stop Centres are being established across the country to provide integrated support and assistance under one roof to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces in phased manner.

Target group: The OSC will support all women including girls below 18 years of age affected by violence, irrespective of caste, class, religion, region, sexual orientation or marital status.

These centres can be contacted for:
  • Emergency Response and Rescue Services
  • Medical assistance
  • Assistance in lodging FIR /NCR/DIR
  • Psycho - social support/ counselling
  • Legal aid and counselling
  • Shelter
  • Video Conferencing Facility to record statement for police/ courts
Click Here is a list of Sakhi centres across the country.
Funds:

The Scheme will be funded through Nirbhaya Fund. The Central Government will provide 100% financial assistance to the State Government /UT Administrations under the Scheme.

Need for protection:

Gender Based Violence (GBV) is a global health, human rights and development issue that transcends geography, class, culture, age, race and religion to affect every community and country in every corner of the world.

The Article 1 of UN Declaration on the Elimination of Violence 1993 provides a definition of gender – based abuse, calling it “any act of gender – based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life”.

In India, gender based violence has many manifestations; from the more universally prevalent forms of domestic and sexual violence including rape, to harmful practices such as, dowry, honour killings, acid attacks, witch – hunting, sexual harassment, child sexual abuse, trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation, child marriage, sex selective abortion, sati etc.

Objectives of one-stop centres:
  • OSCs aim to support women who are affected by violence in private and public spaces, within the family, community and at the workplace.
  • The initiative intends to provide support, remedy and specialized services to women facing physical, sexual, emotional, psychological and economic abuse irrespective of their age, class, caste, education status, marital status, race and culture.
Functioning of OSCs:
  • Even after three years of the establishment of OSCs, there are many complaints regarding their malfunctioning.
  • According to the Women and Child Development Ministry, as many as 30 OSCs have been approved to start functioning in Odisha. However, only four of them are functional in the state.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of OSCs at 50 and a total of 3,217 people have benefited by it.
  • Similarly, out of 654 centres approved all over the country, only 234 OSCs are functional and 1,90,572 women were supported through these centres till now.
How to Use One Stop Centre Scheme:
A woman affected by violence can access OSC in the given manner:
  • A woman can access either by herself; or
  • She can access through any person including any public-spirited citizen, public servant (as defined under section 21 of Indian Penal Code, 1860), relative, friend, NGO, volunteer etc.
  • Apart from this, OSC can be accessed through women helpline integrated with police, ambulance and other emergency response helplines.
  • The ministry has been implementing OSC scheme since April 1, 2015 to support women victims of violence. Under the scheme, it has been envisaged that OSCs would be set up across the country in a phased manner.
Other links:

Mahila E-haat Scheme Features Benefits and Eligibility 
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Scheme Eligibility Benefits

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Mahila E-haat Scheme Features Benefits and Eligibility

Mahila E-haat Scheme Features Benefits and Eligibility 

Mahila E-Haat is an initiative for meeting the aspirations and needs of women entrepreneurs. It is an online marketing platform for women, where participants can display their products. The initiative applies to all women across the country as a part of ‘Digital India’ and ‘Stand Up India‘ initiative. The platform has been established by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India under Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK).

Among the many services provided by Mahila-E-Haat is facilitating direct contact between the vendors and buyers, sensitisation, advocacy, training, packing and soft intervention workshops, and offering a web-based approach. Open to all Indian women above the age of 18, this platform offers an easy sign-in process and convenient payment modes. Everything can be handled on a mobile with no other intervention required. The portal claims to have attracted 17 lakh visitors since its launch and features over 2,000 products and services across 18 categories from 24 states.

How to Apply for Mahila e-Haat:
Main Mission of Mahila e-Haat:
Mahila e-Haat acts as an initiating element to provide a web-based marketing platform to women entrepreneurs to directly sell their products to their buyers.
Features of Mahila e-Haat:
The major highlights of the scheme are as follows.
Provides an opportunity for women entrepreneurs to use technology to showcase products that are made/ manufactured/ sold by them.
Women can also showcase services that are provided by them reflecting creative potential.
E-Haat requires only the mobile number as the entire business of E-Haat can be handled through mobile by the producer.
For the facilitation of the buyer and seller, the product along with its photographs, description, cost and mobile number/ address of the producer would be displayed on the E-Haat portal.
The buyer has the option of approaching the seller physically, telephonically or through Email or other means as convenient to the seller. Therefore it is a direct interface between buyer and seller, to facilitate marketing of products of women entrepreneurs/ SHG.
Eligibility Criteria:
The applicant has to be Indian women/ women SHG/ women-led enterprises.
The applicant has to above 18 years of age.
The goods and services transacted through this portal have to be legal.

Women can register themselves at www.mahilaehaat-rmk.gov.in and leverage technology for showcasing their work to a broader market.

Terms and Conditions:
  • Both seller and buyers have to indemnify RMK from any or all acts of transgression.
  • Participants/ vendors have to display the products of good quality and have to be responsible for the quality of the products. RMK would not be responsible for this purpose. The participants/ vendors have to deal with every defect and deficiency that are related to the products and services, and RMK shall not be responsible for any defect and deficiency.
  • The participants/ vendors make sure the timely delivery of products/ services to the customer.
  • All products would be displayed for thirty days and would be re-exhibited after a break of thirty days.
  • RMK reserves all rights to select the products/ services that have to be listed on E-Haat. Once the selection is completed, the RMK informs the participants/ vendors upon which the participants/ vendors have to send acceptance letter and undertaking so that the products and services contacts gets displayed.
  • Participants/ vendors ensure that illegal or smuggled goods are not displayed or transacted by them nor any illegal services are conducted by them through the portal. Any breach in this account shall be the sole responsibility of the particulars/ vendors including legal action.
  • The participants/ vendors have to ensure that all legal formalities according to the law of the land are complied with for all overseas sales. ‘The participants/ vendors make sure that all applicable taxes are paid and relevant laws/ rules and regulations are followed.
  • The terms and conditions including the eligibility criteria may be changed at any time at the sole discretion of RMK.
  • The participants/ vendors receive the payment directly from the buyer.
  • The participants/ vendors are required to maintain the transaction details that are made through the portal and have to send a quarterly report to RMK and must display the logo of Mahila E-Haat on the packaging.
  • The participants/ vendors have to furnish an undertaking on stamp paper of minimum charges as applicable in their State.
Other links:
One Stop Centre Scheme Guidelines Sakhi Centres Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Scheme Eligibility Benefits
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Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Scheme Eligibility Benefits

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Scheme Eligibility Benefits

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme Caring for the Girl Child:

This is a social campaign aimed at eradication of female foeticide and raising awareness on welfare services intended for young Indian girls. The "Save the Girl Child" movement was launched on 22 January 2015, it is a joint initiative run by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Human Resource Development.Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao - The scheme was launched with an initial funding of Rs 100 crores. It mainly targets the clusters in Uttarakhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Delhi and Haryana. In India, the child gender ratio in the age group of 0 - 6 years stood at 931 girls for 1000 boys and it dropped to 918 girls for every 1000 boys in 2011. Sex - selective abortion or female foeticide in India has led to the sharp decline in the ratio of girls born in contrast to the boys in some states in the country. The wide gap in child gender ratio was first noted in 1991 when the national census data was released and it turned out to be a worsening problem after the release of 2001 national census data. To bridge the growing gap between the birth of girl and boy infants, the government of India has taken up an initiative to promote Beti Bachao Beti Padhao and many programmes has been organized to promote ‘Save Girl Child' and to ‘Educate Girl Child', since January 2015. The campaign has also received support from the Indian Medical Association.

How to apply for beti bachao beti padhao scheme:
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme has three levels:

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme provides the financial support for higher education and marriage purposes to Girlchild. Indian Government set the 100 crores budget for this scheme.

This plan is being managed at three levels as mentioned below:
National Level maintain by National Task Force Secretariat MWCD
State level managed by State task force Secretariat
District level managed by District collector

Eligibility Criteria:
  • A family should have Girl Child
  • A family should open the SSA (Sukanya Samriddhi Account) in any bank
  • Girl child should be Indian and NRIs are not eligible
  • Required documents:
  • Girl Birth certificate
  • Identity card of parents
  • Aadhar card
  • Address proof: Passport, Driving license, Utility bills like water, telephone, electricity etc
  • Recent passport size photograph
Benefits:
  • The main intention of the scheme is to equalizing sex ratio
  • This scheme will also ensure the girl child educated properly
  • It will help the Girl child parents in saving money for her higher education and marriage purposes
  • Under this Government scheme, tax saving is offered to parents of Girl child at the same time and interest rate in saving account are highest
  • Amount accumulated in saving account will pay to the girl child and she is eligible to withdraw funds
  • All girls up to age 10 years of age are eligible to this scheme
  • The maximum amount can deposit in this account up to Rs 1.5 lakh per annum
Steps to apply for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme:
  • Applicants need to visit any bank branch or post office where this scheme is available
  • Then collect the application form for Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme/Sukanya Samriddhi account
  • Fill the form manually and attach all the required documents
  • Submit that form to the concerned officer in bank/post office
  • Under this scheme, account should be open for a name of Girl child
  • You can easily transfer the BBBP account from one bank to another bank or bank to post officer or vice versa
Who will manage this Sukanya Samriddhi account?
Sukanya Samriddhi account can be opened by girl below 10 years of age and this account can be managed by parents or guardian at daughter below age. After that Girl can manage her own account

The special interesting feature of this account is yearly 9.1 interests will be given and the rate can also be increased in future. Minimum deposit of account is Rs 100 per year (it is Mandatory) otherwise the account will be closed
SSA account rules:
  • The maturity of account is 21 years from the application date
  • The depositor can withdraw 50% money at age of 18 years of Girl child for her marriage or education
  • This scheme can open at any bank and post offices
  • The account will open up to 10 years of age
  • The amount paid will tax benefit under section 80C
  • After maturity, the entire amount will credit to Girl Child account after adding interest
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme Brand Ambassador:
The logo of Beti Bachao Beti Padhao was created by Bollywood Madhuri Dixit. And she is the brand ambassador of the scheme. Heart touching advertisements were created. This scheme should help the country and do not let girl escape from crime.

Applicants can easily open this SSA account any Anganwadi centers, bank branches, and post offices. This scheme provides the financial help for the Girl child higher education or marriage purposes. The funds automatically reach maturity stage of account and also the amount can withdraw by Girlchild. Save the Girl child and she saves the World.

How to calculate sukanya samriddhi yojana interest:
sukanya samriddhi yojana calculator:

How to calculate maturity value of Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana:
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) is a small deposit scheme for the girl child launched as a part of the 'Beti Bachao Beti Padhao' campaign. One of the reasons why this scheme has become popular is due to its tax benefit. It comes with a maximum tax benefit of Rs 1.5 lakh under section 80C of the Income-tax Act. Further, the interest accrued and maturity amount are exempt from tax.

If you are planning on investing in the scheme, you can use the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana calculator to calculate the maturity amount at the end of the tenure. You can use the calculator to find out how much you can approximately save via this scheme for the daughter's higher education and/or marriage.

Who can use SSY calculator?
To use this calculator, one must satisfy the eligibility conditions of the Sukanya Samriddhi scheme. According to the rules, the following people are eligible to open a Sukanya Samriddhi account:
a) Age of girl child should not exceed 10 years
b) She should be a resident citizen of India
c) Account cannot be opened for more than two girl children in a single family

How to use Sukanya Samriddhi calculator:

If you satisfy eligibility conditions, then the calculator will ask you to provide the age of your daughter/s and amount that you want to invest in the scheme. The minimum amount you can invest is Rs 1,000 and maximum is Rs 1.5 lakh in a single financial year. With effect from 5 July, 2018, the government has reduced the minimum investment amount to Rs 250.

How the calculator works:
The calculator, based on the amount entered by you, calculates the approximate value that will be received by you at maturity. The scheme will mature after the completion of 21 years from the date of opening of the account.

According to the scheme rules, a depositor is required to make deposits every year till the completion of 15 years from the date of opening of account. Here, the calculator assumes that you have made all the deposits every year of the same amount as selected by you.

Between the 15th year and 21st year, no deposits are required to be made. However, you will be earning interest on the earlier deposits made. The calculator takes into account the interest that will be accrued to you during those years.

What does the calculator show?
Depending on the information provided by you, the calculator will show you the year in which the account matures, the maturity value, interest rate using which the maturity value is arrived at. It also shows the break-up of amount that you can invest monthly in the scheme.

While arriving at the maturity value, we have assumed interest rate of 8.1 per cent per annum throughout the next 21 years as it is currently offered in the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana.
Other links:
Mahila E-haat Scheme Features Benefits and Eligibility

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Policies for Girl Child Government Schemes for Girl Child

Policies for Girl Child/Government Schemes for Girl Child

Schemes by the Central Government:

Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao:

Launched with initial funding of ₹100 crore the scheme aims to address the issue of the declining child sex ratio image (CSR) and is a national initiative run jointly by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Human Resource Development.

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao is a central government scheme for girl child schemes which is applicable throughout the country. The key objective of this scheme is to save the girl child from social ills such as gender-biased abortions and advance the education of girl children all over the country.

This scheme was initially targeted at districts that were recognized to have low sex ratio i.e. fewer women children as compared to male children but was later expanded to include other parts of the country as well. This is primarily an education-based initiative to help change social attitudes and does not involve direct cash transfer.

Key objectives of this social welfare scheme for girl child include:
Preventing gender-biased selective abortions
Ensuring survival and protection of girl child in infancy
Ensuring education and participation of the girl child.
Highlights
  • It’s focused on multi-sector action in 100 districts across the country with a low CSR.
  • Aims at generating awareness about the importance of girl children and improving the efficiency of welfare services intended for girls in India.
  • Working towards preventing female infanticide.
  • Under the BBBP scheme, even district-level education officials must ensure that the benefit of free elementary education reaches all the girls in their area.
To know more about the scheme, Click here
Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna

Part of the ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao’ campaign, this Government of India backed saving scheme is targeted at the parents of girl children. The programme encourages them to build a fund for future education and marriage expenses for their female child. This account can be opened before the girl child is 10 years old and contributions need to be made for 15 years after opening the account.
Parents can start saving early as the minimum amount of investment required is small, and the account is active for 14 years from the date of opening the account.

Flexible deposit option with an initial deposit as low as Rs. 1000 up to Rs. 1.5 lakh annually.
A high fixed rate of return currently 8.5% as of Q4 FY 2018-19.
Tax deduction benefit under section 80C of the IT Act 1961.
Completely tax-exempt investments as the principal invested, maturity amount and interest earned are all exempt.
Partial withdrawal option is available for the higher education of girl child.
Can be availed across India at any PSU bank, India Post Office and at select private sector banks.
Long term investment as investments can be made for 15 years after opening the account.

Highlights:
  • It has tax benefits and an interest rate of 9.1%.
  • It is meant for girls under the age of 10 years.
  • You can start the account with just Rs 1,000.
  • The maximum deposit is Rs 1,50,000 per year.
Balika Samridhi Yojna:

This scheme was launched by the Government of India on 15th August 1997 and covered all girls born on or after 15 August 1997 who are below the poverty line. Aimed at offering financial aid to girl children born on or after 15 August 1997, the schemes key objectives include improving the enrolment and retention of the girl child in schools and helping raise daughters until their legal age of marriage. If successful, young girls will get an education that will help them with jobs to generate a steady income.

Highlights:
  • Gift deposit of Rs 500 at birth and second fixed amount deposited every year of school she progresses until class 10.
  • Up to Class 3rd - Rs 300 per year
  • For Class 4 - Rs 500 per year
  • For Class 5 - Rs 600 per year
  • For Class 6 & 7- Rs 700 per year
  • For Class 8 - Rs 800 per year
  • For Class 9 & 10 - Rs 1000
  • Only one girl child per family can use this scheme.
CBSE Udaan Scheme/ Scholarship Scheme/Policy for Girl Education:

This central government scheme is available at Government CBSE schools only. It is applicable for one girl child per family across India and aims to supplement the school tuition fee.The focus of this scheme is to increase the enrollment of girls in prestigious engineering and technical colleges across India.

The scheme includes efforts that are made in order to enrich the learning experience with special focus of girl students who are from the economically backward sections of society.

The following are the key features of the CBSE Udaan Scheme:

The free course material/online resources such as video study material for girl students in 11th and 12th standard
Virtual contact classes on weekends for girl students in 11th and 12th
Peer learning and mentoring opportunities for meritorious girl students.
Study helpline services to clarify the doubts of students.
Constant monitoring and tracking of students’ progress.
Eligibility for CBSE Udaan Scheme
The following are key eligibility criteria for enrolment in the Udaan Scheme:

Girl students who are Indian citizens residing in India.
Girl student must be enrolled in Physics, Chemistry or Mathematics stream in class 11th and 12th studying in CBSE affiliated schools.
Annual family income of student must not exceed Rs. 6 lakh annually.
Merit-based selection subject to specific criteria.
Applicants of this scheme can do so through their respective CBSE-affiliated schools. To know more you can visit the Official CBSE Udaan Scheme page.

Highlights:
  • Relaxation of Rs 500 per month in school tuition fee.
  • The girl should have scored at least 60% or 6.2 CGPA in her 10th board exams.
  • The girl child should be the single girl child of her parents.
  • Her school fees should not be more than Rs 1500 a month.
To know more details click here 

National Scheme of Incentive to Girls for Secondary Education:
The National Scheme of Incentive to girls for secondary education scheme is a pan India scheme managed by the Department of School Education & Literacy, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India. It is primarily for the benefit of girls belonging to the backward classes of India.

Eligibility National Scheme of Incentive to Girls for Secondary Education:
  • All SC/ST girls who have passed class 8 examination, girl students from other social classes are also eligible if they have passed class 8 exam from Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas.
  • Girls eligible for the scheme also need to be aged less than 16 years.
  • Girl students who are married or are enrolled in various central government schemes such as CBS, NVS, and KVS are not eligible for this scheme.
How does the National Scheme of Incentive to Girls for Secondary Education work?
Once an eligible girl student has been selected, Rs. 3000 is deposited as a fixed deposit on her behalf. This amount can be withdrawn with interest after the girl student passes the class 10th exam and completes the age of 18 years.

Dhanalakshmi Scheme:
The Dhanalakshmi Scheme was launched as a pilot project launched by the central government in March 2008 for providing conditional cash incentives to low income families with girl children. However, as a result of more attractive schemes introduced by the government over the years, Dhanalakshmi scheme is now done away with.

The following were the key states where the Dhanalakshmi Scheme pilot project was implemented:
  • Andhra Pradesh
  • Bihar
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Jharkhand
  • Orissa
  • Punjab
  • Uttar Pradesh
The pilot project of this girl child welfare scheme was run in specific blocks of the above states which were selected on the basis of their lower than average girl child sex ratio (as compared to rest of India). The primary goal of providing cash incentives under this scheme was to promote education and improve the well-being of the girl child especially those belonging to economically and educationally backward classes.

Cash Incentives offered under the Dhanalakshmi Scheme:
The Dhanalakshmi girl child welfare scheme provided staggered direct cash benefits to girl child from the time of birth till completion of secondary education in Class 8. The following is a scheme of the cash incentives that were offered under the Dhanalakshmi yojana:

Girl Child Life Event Cash Transfer for each Girl Child
Birth and Birth Registration Rs. 5000
Immunization after 6 weeks Rs. 200
Immunization after 14 weeks Rs. 200
Immunization after 9 months Rs. 200
Immunization after 16 months Rs. 200
Immunization after 24 months Rs. 200
After completion of immunization Rs. 250
On enrolment in Primary School Rs. 1000
On passing Class 1 with at least 85% attendance Rs. 500
On passing Class 2 with at least 85% attendance Rs. 500
On passing Class 3 with at least 85% attendance Rs. 500
On passing Class 4 with at least 85% attendance Rs. 500
On passing Class 5 with at least 85% attendance Rs. 500
After enrolment in Secondary School Rs. 1500
On passing Class 6 with at least 85% attendance Rs. 750
On passing Class 7 with at least 85% attendance Rs. 750
On passing Class 8 with at least 85% attendance Rs. 750
The scheme was discontinued in April 2013 as various state-specific girl child welfare schemes had already come into effect by that time.

State Government Sponsored Schemes for Girl Child in India

Apart from the central government, the Indian State governments also actively offer several schemes that benefit girl children. Some of these include:

• Rajshri Yojna - Rajasthan
• Girl child protection scheme - Andhra Pradesh & Telangana.
• Sivagami Ammaiyar Memorial girl child protection scheme - Tamil Nadu.
• Ladli Laxmi Yojana - Madhya Pradesh.
• Ladli - Delhi & Haryana
• Mukhyamantri Laadli Yojna – Uttar Pradesh
• Mukhyamantri Kanya Suraksha Yojna - Bihar
• Ladli scheme - Haryana
• Kishori Shakti Yojana - Odisha
• MAMTA scheme for girl child - Goa
• Saraswati Bicycle Scheme - Chhattisgarh.
• West Bengal Kanyashree Prakalpa - West Bengal
• Bhagyalaxmi scheme - Karnataka
Andhra Pradesh & Telangana – Girl Child Protection Scheme
The scheme promotes a girl child’s education to minimum up to Intermediate level, while preventing early marriages and empowering girls from an early age.
  • The scheme also provides financial benefits to girl children in need.
  • Families with no more than two children comprising two or at least one daughter are eligible.
Tamil Nadu – Sivagami Ammaiyar Memorial girl child protection scheme
The TN government scheme targets the eradication of female infanticide while endorsing gender-neutral family planning measures and supporting the welfare of girl children from less privileged families.

No of girl children in family  Fixed Deposit Amount offered
Only one girl child no other children Rs.22,200/-
Two girl children  Rs.15,200/- for each girl child

Madhya Pradesh -Ladli Laxmi Yojana:

The Madhya Pradesh Ladli Laxmi Yojana is a government of Maharashtra-sponsored girl child scheme that seeks to improve the status of girl children and women in the state. The plan was introduced in 2006 and aims to prevent social ills such as child marriage and female foeticide. Subsequent to approval of beneficiary, Rs. 6000 worth of National Saving Certificates will be purchased every year for the first 5 years in the name of the beneficiary.

Out of this investment, Rs. 2000 will be invested after the girl child is admitted in 6th class and subsequently Rs. 4000 will be invested in the admission of a girl in 9th class.

Eligibility for Ladli Laxmi Yojana:
  • The family must be resident of Madhya Pradesh and must not have taxable income.
  • After the birth of a second child, the family needs to adopt family planning and first girl child must be born after 1st April 2008.
  • The beneficiary must attend the Aganwadi regularly.
How to Apply for the Ladli Laxmi Yojana in Madhya Pradesh:
The form to sign up for the Ladli Laxmi Yojana can be obtained from the local Anganwadi Centre of their village/locality in which the household is located. The form needs to be filled out and submitted to the Anganwadi Centre of their village/locality within 1 year of birth of the girl child along with copies of applicable documents. Download the Ladli Laxmi Yojana Form.

To eradicate the malpractices of child marriage and female foeticide, the Madhya Pradesh government provides financial benefits to families with one or more girl child(ren), who are mandated to attend Anganwadi schools.

Following approval, Rs 6,000 worth of National Saving Certificates (NSC) will be purchased annually for 5 years in the girl child’s name.

Amount to be awarded to beneficiary when
Rs.2,000/- Upon admission to class VI
Rs.4,000/-  Upon admission to class IX

Haryana – Ladli Scheme:
Ladli Scheme of Haryana is sponsored by the Haryana government to enhance the status of the girl child in society. The scheme is additionally focused on ensuring that mindset of society and attitude towards the girl child is changed such that social ills including female foeticide are eliminated. The scheme was introduced by the Haryana State Government on 20th August 2015.

How the Ladli Scheme Works?
This is a cash incentive scheme that provides a payout of Rs. 5000 annually for a period of 5 years to families with a second girl child born on the after 20th August 2015. This money is deposited in a Kisan Vikas Patra jointly in the name of the 2nd girl child and the mother/father/legal guardian. These deposits along with interest will be released after the 2nd girl child is 18 years old.

How to Get Ladli Scheme Application Form?
Forms to apply for the Ladli Scheme of Haryana can be availed from the nearby Aganwadi Centres. The form has to be filled out and submitted with the Aganwadi worker or Health Staff of the local area along with birth certificates of both the 1st and 2nd girl children. You can also download the Ladli Scheme Application Form from the official government website click here.

In the state infamous for its lopsided CSR, the state government now offers Rs. 5,000/- per year for upto five years to families with a second girl child, which will be released once the beneficiary attains adulthood.


Odisha – Kishori Shakti Yojana:
The Odisha government’s scheme aims to provide nutritional, educational and financial support to adolescent girls in the state – between 11 to 18 years of age.
More details are provided here click here: Kishori Shakti Yojana

Rajasthan – Rajshree Yojna:
This amazing scheme provides a total financial assistance of up to Rs 50,000 to a girl child’s family for her educational, health and other expenses up to class XII. 

The detailed break-up is shown:
Amount            When 
Rs 2,500       At birth 
Rs 2,500 After first-year vaccination 
Rs 4,000 Upon admission to Class I
Rs 5,000 Upon  admission to Class VI
Rs11,000 Upon admission to Class X
Rs 25,000 After passing Class XII

Maharashtra – Majhi Kanya Bhagyashree:
The Mazi Kanya Bhagyashree Scheme is a Government of Maharashtra promoted scheme that is designed to help improve the condition of girl child among the BPL and other weaker sections of society.

Benefits offered under the Mazi Kanya Bhagyashree Scheme:
The girl child’s mother receives Rs. 5000 every year for the first 5 years after the birth of the girl child. Subsequently, financial aid of Rs. 2500 per year is provided till the girl child is enrolled in 5th class.

After this, the financial aid is increased to Rs. 3000 per year till the girl child is enrolled in class 12. Once she attains the age of 18 years, she will receive Rs. 1 lakh annually for her education. Further payouts may be available to the girl child for further studies.

Mazi Kanya Bhagyashree Scheme Application Form:
The application form for the Mazi Kanya Bhagyashree Scheme can be obtained from the local Anganwadi and submitted with the local Anganwadi worker along with all the applicable documents such as the birth certificate of the girl child. You can also get further details about this girl child scheme and download the Mazi Kanya Bhagyashree Scheme Application Form from the Maharashtra government official website Download here.

Any family Below Poverty Line (BPL) with one or more girl children in Maharashtra is eligible for this scheme. 

The beneficiary can avail the financial benefits as detailed below: 
Amount per year  Duration 
Rs 5,000 From birth till 5 years 
Rs 2,500 From 5 years till admission in Class V
Rs 3,000 From Class V till admission in Class XII
Rs 1 Lakh Post 18 years of age 

West Bengal – Kanyashree Prakalpa:
The Kanyashree Prakalpa of West Bengal is a state initiative for girl child schemes designed to improve the status as well as the well-being of girls especially those from weaker socio-economic classes. This scheme is implemented by the Department of Women Development and Social Welfare, Government of West Bengal in the form of conditional cash transfers.

The Kanyashree scholarship is Rs. 750 annually for girls between the age of 13 and 18 years along with a one-time grant of Rs. 25,000 for girls between the ages of 18 and 19 years.

Eligibility Criteria for the Kanyashree Prakalpa:
  • A girl student is eligible for benefits under the Kanyashree Prakalpa subject to the following criteria:
  • The beneficiary must be resident of West Bengal and have a bank account in her name
  • The girl child must be enrolled in an educational institution and unmarried
  • The maximum annual income of the girl’s family must be Rs. 1.2 lakh annually
Kanyashree Prakalpa Application:
A girl child can apply for the annual scholarship under this scheme as soon as they are 13 years old provided they are enrolled in class 8 or higher. The one-time grant application under Kanyashree Prakalpa can be made between the ages of 18 and 19 years.

The Kanyashree scheme application form can be availed from the institution where the girl child is studying. This needs to be filled out and submitted along with documents such as birth certificate, a declaration that the applicant is unmarried along with an annual income statement confirming that family income is Rs. 1.2 lakh annually or less.

The Kanyashree Prakalpa K1 Application Form Download here and the Kanyashree Prakalpa K2 Application Form can both be downloaded here or from various online sources too.

This hugely successful scheme rolled out by the West Bengal government has bagged the first prize at the United Nations among 552 international projects in the Public Service category.
The scheme offers an annual scholarship of Rs 750 to girls between the ages of 13 and 18 years and a one-time grant of Rs 25,000 for girls between the ages of 18 and 19 years.
Click here to know more details about this scheme: Majhi Kanya Bhagyashree

Karnataka – Bhagyalaxmi scheme: 
The main goal of this scheme is to hail the birth of girl child in BPL families and enhance the social, educational and overall status of the girl child in general.
The beneficiary is eligible for a health insurance cover of up to Rs 25,000 per year, alongside educational scholarship of Rs 300 to Rs 1,000 up to Class X.
Class/Standard Amount of Annual Scholarship 
Class I-III           Rs 300
Class IV             Rs 500
Class V              Rs 600
Class VI- VIII     Rs 700
Class 8              Rs 800
Class IX-X         Rs 1,000

Eligibility for the Bhagyashree Scheme:
Girl children of the BPL family are eligible to take this benefit provided they were born after 31st March 2006.
Enrolment is allowed up to 1 year after the birth of the child and a maximum of two children can be covered under this scheme.
Additional financial benefits are also available to the beneficiary provided certain criteria are met.

While many of these programs tackle the issue of savings and education, some like the Kishori Shakti Yojana also aim to educate adolescent girls about the importance of health care. Adolescent girls get access to current and updated healthcare initiatives and learn about good hygiene. As future mothers to be, knowing about 13 life-saving vaccines that the government provides free of cost and the importance of MMR, Polio and similar vaccination is integral to their health and reducing child mortality through vaccine-preventable diseases in the future.
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Meet The Inspiring Indian Women Who led the Charge for Chandrayaan-2

Meet The Inspiring Indian Women Who led the Charge for Chandrayaan-2

Heartbreakingly close to success 500 metres or less to be precise Chandrayaan-2 united the entire country for a moment. Despite the lunar lander Vikram’s inability to complete the soft landing, the project will go down in history for more reasons than one. This mission was the first-ever Indian interplanetary project to be spearheaded by a woman, Muthayya Vanitha, who served as the project director. Meanwhile, Ritu Karidhal was appointed the mission director of Chandrayaan-2.

According to UIS (UNESCO Institute for Statistics) data, less than 30 per cent of the world’s researchers are women and though the number is increasing, the contribution of this mission towards encouraging and inspiring young women to literally reach for the stars and follow their dreams will be invaluable. Ahead, we meet the two women who have turned into space sensations overnight.

Women behind chandrayaan 2:

Muthayya Vanitha, project director for Chandrayaan-2


Born to a civil engineer and an electronics and communications engineer in Chennai, Muthayya Vanitha has worked at the India Space Research Organisation (ISRO) for 32 years now. Vanitha originally studied to be a design engineer, but her first job was at ISRO was that of the junior-most engineer. “I joined here as junior most engineer. So I worked in the lab, testing carts, making hardware, designing developing and then reached a managerial position,” she said in an NDTV interview. Later, she was appointed the project director of the telemetry and telecom divisions in the Digital Systems Group at ISRO Satellite Centre.

Before heading the historical mission, Vanitha has also worked as the deputy project director for TTC-baseband systems for Cartosat-1, Oceansat-2 and Megha-Tropiques satellites. However, when given the opportunity, she was reluctant to take up the role, revealed M Annadurai, former director, UR Rao Satellite Centre (URSC) in an interview with IANS. He further added, “I had to convince her and her husband. The task involved at least 18 hours of work daily and there was also the pressure of interacting with the top management on a daily basis as it was a prestigious mission.” She was also part of the team that worked on Mangalyaan, the successful mission to Mars in November 2013.

She was awarded the Best Woman Scientist Award of the Astronomical Society of India in 2006 for her work, and was also featured in the international scientific journal, Nature, in the list of scientists to watch out for in 2019.

Ritu Karidhal (Mission Director):


She is the mission director of Chandrayaan-2. Before this, she was also appointed as operations director of Mars Orbiter Mission. It was India’s first interplanetary mission.

Ritu Karidhal is fondly regarded as the "Rocket Woman" of India, as she was the deputy operations director for Mangalyaan in 2013-2014.

She's been there and done that, and now holds the mantle of Chandrayaan 2's mission director. She is working closely with Muthayya Vanitha throughout the Chandrayaan 2 mission, taking a prominent role once the spacecraft takes off from earth.It was her responsibility to design Chandrayaan 2's onward autonomy system -- which gives the spacecraft the ability to navigate its trajectory and respond to satellite with a relative degree of independence..

• Her job was to conceptualize and execute the craft's onward autonomy system, which operated the satellite’s functions independently in space and responded appropriately to malfunctions.
• Ritu Karidhal holds a master’s degree in the field of Aerospace Engineering from IISc.
• She has been working with ISRO since 1997. She has received ISRO Young Scientist Award from former president APJ Abdul Kalam in 2007.

Women Astronaut in Gaganyaan

ISRO is planning to send one woman astronaut, along with two others, to space under Gaganyaan Mission. VR Lalithambika, as head of the human space programme office, is helping in mission coordination and working with Human Space Flight Centre, the nodal centre for Gaganyaan mission led by its director S Unnikrishnan Nair.

Story behind Chandrayaan 2:

Key scientists and engineers involved in the development of Chandrayaan-2 include:

Ritu Karidhal – Mission Director
Muthayya Vanitha – Project Director
K. Kalpana – Associate Project Director
G. Narayanan – Associate Project Director
G. Nagesh – Project Director (former)
Chandrakanta Kumar – Deputy Project Director (Radio frequency systems)
Amitabh Singh – Deputy Project Director (Optical Payload Data Processing, SAC)

Vikram may have failed to land on the moon, but the sheer magnitude and daring of the Chandrayaan 2 project, which lost contact only 2.1 kilometres short of its target, is testament to the brilliance and determination of the 16,500 men and women behind India's most complex and ambitious space mission yet.

ISRO says that the Chandrayaan 2 mission was 90-95 percent successful
The primary mission of Chandrayaan-2 was to demonstrate the soft landing of the ‘Vikram’ lander on the South Pole of the Moon, operate the robotic rover Pragyan on the lunar surface, and get exciting images and data.

On September 7, during the last minutes of descent, the communication link snapped with Vikram when it was about 2.1 kms from the surface of the moon. After three days, the ISRO confirmed the sighting of Vikram through images beamed by the Orbiter.
ISRO Chief K Sivan said that the lander was in a tilted position and that it was not broken. Keeping alive hopes, he said that efforts are being made to restore link with the lander. The window of opportunity is said to be 14 days, which is one Lunar Day, and ends on September 21.

While it is a clear case of ‘so close, yet so far’ for the Indian space scientists, the ISRO claims that the mission was 90-95 percent successful, and this was also backed byMadhavan Nair, the former Chairman of the Indian space agency, who led Chandrayaan-1.

Now, let’s see the main components of the Chandrayaan-2 Mission. They are the Launch phase, the Orbiter phase and the Lander-Rover phase.

After initial hiccups with the launch, the ISRO achieved success when the GSLV MK-3 (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) propelled the payload into the destined orbit smoothly on July 22.

Next, it managed a series of neatly executed manoeuvres, all of which went smoothly, and the Orbiter reached the Moon’s orbit on August 20 as planned.

The third and crucial phase of the Soft Landing on the Moon turned into a hard landing.

Many achievements:
The space agency’s first moon mission, the Chandrayaan-1, was launched on October 22, 2008. The mission had two main components, the launch and the deployment of the Orbiter.

It used the PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) rocket, which had a record of successive launches.

Chandrayaan-1 functioned for 312 days, till August 2009. A major find of this mission was the discovery of traces of water molecules on the lunar surface.
In the decade leading up to the second moon mission, ISRO has seen many successes, like that of Mangalyan (Mars Orbiter Mission), the launch of a record of 103 satellites at one go using one PSLV launcher, the experimental reusable launch and other technological developments.

The big challenge was the GSLV, which had some mixed successes. The GSLV is crucial for India’s long-term engagement with outer space studies, and the launch of heavier satellites, for which the commercial market is huge.

Chandrayaan-2, is predominantly an ISRO venture. There is a presence of NASA in the mission, with the American space agency putting a Retroreflector, a laser-guided equipment which is part of the 14 payload experiments that the ISRO has contemplated.

Bouncing back
In this background, though the second shot at the Moon took a decade, the ISRO was well prepared.

Confidence was so high that for the launch on July 15, President Ramnath Kovind was invited. However, at the last hour of countdown, a glitch was observed and the mission was postponed. To ISRO’s credit, it showed boldness in postponing despite the President’s presence.

Moreover, it bounced back quickly to plug the leak issue and give a fresh date for July 22, exactly a week after.

The performance of the GSLV MK-3 was remarkable and it boosts India’s launch capabilities and interplanetary missions in future.

Given that the mission was highly complex and unique, with several key technologies involved and studying the entire Moon, the ISRO has done a commendable job in achieving success in two of the three phases, while almost succeeding in the final phase also.

Whether it is 95 per cent or two of the three phases of success, the organisation will surely go back to the drawing board and fix the issues. Its record, starting from the Satellite Launch Vehicle in 1979 to GSLV, has been commendable in bouncing back from failures by learning from them, and achieving mission success at highly competitive costs and improved performances.

Already, the Chandrayaan-2 Mission has achieved efficiencies in each phase, which has become beneficial by itself. The best example of this is the enhanced life of the Orbiter, which will last nearly 7 years, compared to the expected one year.

The ISRO’s next Chandrayaan Mission is at least five years away and it will be a joint venture with Japan says the Space Agency.

A truly global playground
The Indian mission to land on the South Pole has revived the interest in the Moon.

However, the capability to land on the Moon and send humans were demonstrated nearly 50 years ago. In the space race between the US and the erstwhile Soviet Union, the US stole a march with its Apollo 11 Mission, as part of which Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the Moon on July 20, 1969.

The NASA driven Apollo Project from 1961- 1972 also saw 5 missions after Apollo 11 and a total of dozen men walking on the Moon. There were several failures too starting with a fire mishap in Apollo 1.

The Russians also had comparatively successful Lunar expeditions starting with the first landing by the spacecraft Luna 2 in September 1959.

The Chinese broke new ground by descending on the far side of the Moon on January 3, 2019 with the Chang 4 Spacecraft.

Israel suffered a failure in April 2019, when the spacecraft Bereshaft crashlanded.
ISRO Chandrayaan-2

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Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit the first female president of the United Nations General Assembly


When India was struggling for its independence, there was a woman who contributed to the freedom struggle by becoming the first woman in pre-independent India to hold a cabinet position of local self-government and public health in the year 1937 to 1939.

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit -an Indian politician, freedom fighter, and a diplomat was born on 18 August 1900, Prayagraj and is better known as Jawaharlal Nehru's younger sister.

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit was born as Swarup Kumari Nehru on August 18, 1900, in Allahabad and later became one of the world’s leading women in the 20th century.

Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit was born in Allahabad in what was then the United Provinces later, Uttar Pradesh on August 18, 1900, and was given the name Swarup Kumari ("Beautiful Princess") Nehru. She was the eldest daughter of a distinguished Brahmin lawyer, Motilal Nehru, and eleven years younger than her brother, Jawaharlal. Accustomed to luxury and educated at home and in Switzerland, she was greatly influenced by Mohandas Ghandi and became identified with the struggle for independence. She was imprisoned by the British on three different occasions, in 1932-1933, 1940, and 1942-1943.


In May 1921 she married Ranjit Sitaram Pandit, a foreign-educated barrister from Kathiawar. At that time she changed her name to Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit. The Pandit's had three daughters, including the novelist Nayantara (Pandit) Sehgal. Her husband died on January 14, 1944.

In 1934 Pandit's long career in politics officially began with her election to the Allahabad Municipal Board. In 1936 she was elected to the Assembly of the United Provinces, and in 1937 became minister of local self-government and public health the first Indian woman ever to become a cabinet minister. Like all Congress party officeholders, she resigned in 1939 to protest against the British government's declaration that India was a participant in World War II. Along with other Congress leaders, she was imprisoned after the Congress' "Quit India" Resolution of August 1942.

In 1921, she was married to Ranjit Pandit (1893-1944), a successful barrister from Kudal, Maharashtra and classical scholar who translated Kalhana's epic history Rajatarangini into English from Sanskrit. He was arrested for his support of Indian independence and died in Lucknow prison in 1944, leaving behind his wife and their three daughters Chandralekha Mehta, Nayantara Sehgal and Rita Dar. She died in the year 1990.

Forced to reorient her life after her husband's death, Pandit traveled in the United States from late 1944 to early 1946, mainly on a lecture tour. Returning to India in January 1946, she resumed her portfolio as minister of local self-government and public health in the United Provinces. In the fall of 1946 she undertook her first official diplomatic mission as leader of the Indian delegation to the United Nations General Assembly. She also led India's delegations to the General Assembly in 1947, 1948, 1952, 1953, and 1963.


Pandit was elected to India's Constituent Assembly in 1946. Shortly after India's independence in 1947, she joined the foreign service and was appointed India's first ambassador to the Soviet Union. In early 1949 she became ambassador to the United States.

In November 1951 she returned to India to contest successfully for a seat in the Lok Sabha (India's parliament) in the first general elections. In September 1953 she was given the honor of being the first woman and the first Asian to be elected president of the U.N. General Assembly.

For nearly seven years, beginning in December 1954, Pandit served as Indian high commissioner (ambassador) to the United Kingdom, including a tense period in British-Indian relations at the time of the Suez and Hungarian crisis' in 1956. From March 1963 until August 1963 she served as governor of the state of Maharashtra.

Jawaharlal Nehru's death on May 27, 1964 came as a great shock to her. In November, she was elected to the Lok Sabha in a by-election in the Philpur constituency of Uttar Pradesh, which her brother had represented for 17 years. She was re-elected in the fourth general elections in 1967, but resigned the following year for "personal reasons."

Furious at Indira Ghandi's (whose maiden name was Nehru) state-of-emergency suspension of democratic processes from 1975 to 1977, she campaigned against her niece. Her efforts resulted in an electoral defeat for Ghandi.

Pandit had not been politically active for several years when she died in Dehru Dun, India on December 1, 1990. On the occasion of her death, President Ramaswami Venkataraman described Pandit as a "luminous strand in the tapestry of India's freedom struggle. Distinctive in her elegance, courage, and dedication, Mrs. Pandit was an asset to the national movement."

Her daughter Chandralekha was married to Ashok Mehta and has three children. Her second daughter Nayantara Sahgal, who later settled in her mother's house in Dehradun, is a well-known novelist. She was married to Gautam Sahgal and had a daughter, Gita Sahgal. Nayantara married E.N Mangat Rai after Gautam's death. Her third daughter was Rita who was married to Avatar Krishna Dhar and has two sons, including Gopaldhar. She worked in Redcross.

Gita Sahgal, the writer and journalist on issues of feminism, fundamentalism, and racism, director of prize-winning documentary films, and human rights activist, is her granddaughter.

Writings:
Pandit's own writings include So I Became a Minister (1939); Prison Days (1946); a touching essay, "The Family Bond, " in Rafiq Zakaria, ed., A Study of Nehru (1959); many interviews and articles, and innumerable published speeches. Her daughter, Nayantara (Pandit) Sahgal, presented revealing portraits in Prison and Chocolate Cake (1954) and From Fear Set Free (1963). There is no good biography of Pandit, but three books by professed admirers are interesting: Anne Guthrie Madame Ambassador: The Life of Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit (1962); Vera Brittain Envoy Extraordinary (1965); and Robert Hardy Andrews A Lamp for India: The Story of Madame Pandit (1967). She is often referred to in books on the Nehrus and in biographies of her brother, Jawaharlal Nehru.

Quick FACTS TO KNOW ABOUT VIJAYA LAKSHMI PANDIT:

  • Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit was born as Swarup Kumari Nehru on August 18, 1900, in Allahabad and later became one of the world’s leading women in the 20th century.
  • She was the daughter of Motilal Nehru and a younger sister of Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1921, after receiving a private education in India and abroad, she got married to Ranjit Sitaram Pandit and changed her name.
  • She was arrested and imprisoned thrice by the British in the years 1932-1933, 1940, and 1942-1943 in connection with civil disobedience movements.
  • In 1937, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit was elected as a member of the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces, however, she resigned from office in 1939 to protest against British in World War 2.
  • Pandit was also the President of the All-India Women’s Conference between 1941 and 1943.
  • In 1953, Pandit became the first woman to be elected president of the UN General Assembly and she headed the eighth session.
  • She served as a governor of the state of Maharashtra from 1962 to 1964 after the death of her brother, Nehru. Then, she became a member of the Indian Lok Sabha from 1964 till 1968.
  • In the late 1960s, though she left politics due to personal reasons, her commitment brought her back in 1970s by protesting against the Emergency rule (1975) imposed by Indira Gandhi -- who was her niece.
  • She also served as India’s representative to the United Nations Human Rights Commission in 1978.
  • Pandit's own writings include -- 'So I Became a Minister' (1939) and 'Prison Days' (1946).
  • Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit died in Dehru Dun, India on December 1, 1990.

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Women and Political Power
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