Indian Government Schemes For Women Empowerment

Indian Government Schemes For Women Empowerment

The Indian government has also recognized women issues and their contribution to the country's economy. Here are some of the women empowerment initiatives available to women in India:
  1. Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
  2. One Stop Centre Scheme
  3. Women Helpline Scheme
  4. UJJAWALA : A Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-integration of Victims of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation
  5. Working Women Hostel
  6. Ministry approves new projects under Ujjawala Scheme and continues existing projects
  7. SWADHAR Greh (A Scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances)
  8. Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP)
  9. NARI SHAKTI PURASKAR
  10. Awardees of Stree Shakti Puruskar, 2014 & Awardees of Nari Shakti Puruskar
  11. Awardees of Rajya Mahila Samman & Zila Mahila Samman
  12. Mahila E-Haat
  13. Mahila Shakti Kendras (MSK)
  14. NIRBHAYA
  15. Mahila police Volunteers
  16. Digital Laado (DigitalLaado) - Giving Digital Wings To Daughters
1.Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao:Caring for the Girl Child
This is a social campaign aimed at eradication of female foeticide and raising awareness on welfare services intended for young Indian girls. The "Save the Girl Child" movement was launched on 22 January 2015, it is a joint initiative run by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Human Resource Development.Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao - The scheme was launched with an initial funding of Rs 100 crores. It mainly targets the clusters in Uttarakhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Delhi and Haryana. In India, the child gender ratio in the age group of 0 - 6 years stood at 931 girls for 1000 boys and it dropped to 918 girls for every 1000 boys in 2011. Sex - selective abortion or female foeticide in India has led to the sharp decline in the ratio of girls born in contrast to the boys in some states in the country. The wide gap in child gender ratio was first noted in 1991 when the national census data was released and it turned out to be a worsening problem after the release of 2001 national census data. To bridge the growing gap between the birth of girl and boy infants, the government of India has taken up an initiative to promote Beti Bachao Beti Padhao and many programmes has been organized to promote ‘Save Girl Child' and to ‘Educate Girl Child', since January 2015. The campaign has also received support from the Indian Medical Association.

How to apply for beti bachao beti padhao scheme:
2.Mahila E-haat:
Mahila E-Haat is an initiative for meeting the aspirations and needs of women entrepreneurs. It is an online marketing platform for women, where participants can display their products. The initiative applies to all women across the country as a part of ‘Digital India’ and ‘Stand Up India‘ initiative. The platform has been established by the Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India under Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK).

Women can register themselves at www.mahilaehaat-rmk.gov.in and leverage technology for showcasing their work to a broader market.

Among the many services provided by Mahila-E-Haat is facilitating direct contact between the vendors and buyers, sensitisation, advocacy, training, packing and soft intervention workshops, and offering a web-based approach. Open to all Indian women above the age of 18, this platform offers an easy sign-in process and convenient payment modes. Everything can be handled on a mobile with no other intervention required. The portal claims to have attracted 17 lakh visitors since its launch and features over 2,000 products and services across 18 categories from 24 states.

How to Apply for Mahila e-Haat:
To know more details of this scheme and how to apply Mahila E-Haat Features of Mahila e-Haat,Terms and Conditions,Eligibility click here.

3.One Stop Centre Scheme:
Popularly known as 'Sakhi,' it was implemented on 1st April 2015 with the 'Nirbhaya' fund.Till date, around 234 OSCs have been established across the country to provide integrated support and assistance under one roof to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces in a phased manner.The One Stop Centres are established at various locations in India for providing shelter, police desk, legal, medical and counselling services to victims of violence under one roof integrated with a 24-hour Helpline.
The toll-free helpline number is 181. 
How to Use One Stop Centre Scheme:
How to Use One Stop Centre Scheme,About Funds,Who Need for protection,Objectives of one-stop centres,Functioning of OSCs,How a woman affected by violence can access OSC
To know more details click here

4.Mahila Shakti Kendra Scheme:
Mahila Shakti Kendra The government launched the Mahila Shakti Kendra in 2017 to empower rural women with opportunities for skill development, employment, digital literacy, health and nutrition.

The Mahila Shakti Kendras will work through community engagement through student volunteers in the 115 most backward districts. Each Mahila Shakti Kendra will provide an interface for rural women to approach the government to avail of their entitlements through training and capacity building. It works at the National, State, District, and Block levels.

How to apply for Mahila Shakti Kendra Scheme:

At the state level technical support on issues related to women is being provided through State Resource Centre for Women(SRCW) functional under the respective State Government /UT Administration. SRCWs are meant to facilitate implementation of all women centric schemes and programmes of the government,including the district and block level component of MSK Scheme.

Indian women, who have to stay away from their homes for job purpose or do not have anyone to house them, often suffer from insecurities related to safety. The central government has passed a new scheme that is designed for meeting the housing requirements of working or helpless women. The name of the program is Working Women Hostel Scheme and will include children under special circumstances only. The main objective is to empower women.

The objective of the scheme is to promote the availability of safe and conveniently located accommodation for working women, with daycare facility for their children, wherever possible, in urban, semi-urban, or even rural areas where employment opportunity for women exist.

To know more details like Eligibility Criteria,Details of Income and Rent,Period of Stay,Financial Assistance,Objectives of the Scheme,How to access this scheme,Release of Grants,Hostels in Rented Premises click here 

The Swadhar scheme was launched by the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development in 2002 for rehabilitation of women in difficult circumstances. The scheme provides shelter, food, clothing and care to the marginalized women/girls who are in need. The beneficiaries include widows deserted by their families and relatives, women prisoners released from jail and without family support, women survivors of natural disasters, women victims of terrorist/extremist violence etc. The implementing agencies are mainly NGOs.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development is implementing the Swadhar Greh Scheme which targets the women victims of difficult circumstances who are in need of institutional support for rehabilitation so that they could lead their life with dignity. The Scheme envisages providing shelter, food, clothing and health as well as economic and social security for these women.

To know more information about Swadhar scheme objectives,strategies,eligibility criteria,how to access this scheme click here.
7.Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP):

STEP Scheme aims to provide skills that give employability to women and to provide competencies and skill that enable women to become self-employed/entrepreneurs. The Scheme is intended to benefit women who are in the age group of 16 years and above across the country.

To know more about STEP Scheme Benefits & Highlights,Eligibility,Number of Beneficiaries,Financial Assistance,Funding Pattern,Documents Required,Application Procedure of STEP Scheme For more Details and information click here.

8.Nari Shakti Puruskars Scheme:
Every Year, Ministry of Women & Child Development celebrates International Women's Day on 8th March. The significance of the International Women’s Day lies in our re-affirmation of improve the condition of women, especially those at the margins of our society and empower them to take rightful place in society.Ministry of Women and Child Development, has revised the guidelines for Women Awards for conferring on eminent women, organisations and institutions.These awards will be called “Nari Shakti Puruskars”. Now, from the year 2016,20 Nari Shakti Puruskars shall be conferred every year. The awards will be conferred on 8th March on the occasion of International Women’s Day (IWD). The Award in each category shall carry a Certificate and a cash amount. The award would be given to eminent or outstanding Institutions or organizations and individuals.With the institution of these awards all the earlier women awards given by the Ministry of Women & Child Development ceased to exist.
Guidelines for Nari Shakti Puruskars,Objectives,categories of awards,eligibility,benefits,mode of application To know more details about this scheme click here.

9.Awardees of Stree Shakti Puruskar, 2014 & Awardees of Nari Shakti Puruskar:
Nari Shakti Awards, earlier known as Stree Shakti Awards was constituted by the government of India in the year 1991. Nari Shakti Awards provide an opportunity to understand the contribution of women in the building of society and the nation.

Nari Shakti Awards are conferred on eminent women and institutions rendering distinguished service to the cause of women especially belonging to the vulnerable and marginalized sections of the society by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. The recipients include both institutions and individuals.

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11.Mahila Police Volunteers:
The Mahila Police Volunteers Scheme was launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in collaboration with the Home Affairs for the engagement of MPVs in the States and UTs. It is a central sector scheme that intends to serve as a public-policy interface to help women in distress. This scheme envisages the creation of a link between the police authorities and the local communities to facilitate police outreach on gender concerns.
How to apply Mahila Police Volunteers ,eligibility criteria.To  know more details click here 

12.Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana Scheme:
India is home to more than 24 Crore households out of which about 10 Crore households are still deprived of LPG as cooking fuel and have to rely on firewood, coal, dung – cakes etc. as primary source of cooking. The smoke from burning such fuels causes alarming household pollution and adversely affects the health of Women & children causing several respiratory diseases/ disorders. As per a WHO report, smoke inhaled by women from unclean fuel is equivalent to burning 400 cigarettes in an hour. In addition, women and children have to go through the drudgery of collecting firewood.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) aims to safeguard the health of women & children by providing them with a clean cooking fuel – LPG, so that they don’t have to compromise their health in smoky kitchens or wander in unsafe areas collecting firewood.

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on May 1st, 2016 in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh. Under this scheme, 5 Cr LPG connections will be provided to BPL families with a support of Rs.1600 per connection in the next 3 years. Ensuring women’s empowerment, especially in rural India, the connections will be issued in the name of women of the households. Rs. 8000 Cr. has been allocated towards the implementation of the scheme. Identification of the BPL families will be done through Socio Economic Caste Census Data.

PMUY is likely to result in an additional employment of around 1 Lakh and provide business opportunity of at least Rs. 10,000 Cr. over the next 3 Years to the Indian Industry. Launch of this scheme will also provide a great boost to the ‘Make in India’ campaign as all the manufacturers of cylinders, gas stoves, regulators, and gas hose are domestic.

To know more details and to download ujjwala application form,How to apply ujjwala scheme clcik here.

13.Digital Laado (DigitalLaado) - Giving Digital Wings To Daughters:
An Initiative started with the association of FICCI & Google Digital Unlocked to empower and strengthen daughters on digital platforms. According to Govt. of India 65% daughters drops out from there higher studies due to household work. This program is a nationwide initiative wherein every daughter will be taught and trained to develop their talent and skills to work from home itself and get connected with the global platform. Daughters can register themselves to avail this benefits from any where in the world - online & offline.
How to apply this scheme or to know more details about this scheme click here

Brief Outline For General Knowledge on Women Empowerment Programmes/Schemes in India:

List of Women Empowerment Programmes/Schemes in India:
Women Empowerment Programmes
Year of Commencement
Objectives
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme
22 January, 2015
To provide education to girls' and their welfare. To prevent the violation in the interest of girls. To celebrate the birth of a girl child.
One Stop Centre Scheme
1st April, 2015
1. It is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. Its aim is to set up One Stop Centres (OSC) which is to be funded from the Nirbhaya Fund.
2. To provide support and assistance to women affected by violence at private or at any public place, irrespective of caste, class, religion, region, sexual orientation or marital status.
Women Helpline Scheme
1st April, 2015
To provide 24 hour emergency and non-emergency response to women affected by violence including sexual offences and harassment both in public and private sphere, including e family, community, workplace, etc.
UJJAWALA : A Comprehensive Scheme for Prevention of trafficking and Rescue, Rehabilitation and Re-integration of Victims of Trafficking and Commercial Sexual Exploitation
December 2007
For the prevention of trafficking and providing support for rescue, rehabilitation, reintegration and repatriation of women and child victims of trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation in India. The Scheme is being implemented mainly through NGOs to provide direct aid and benefit to the victims of trafficking.
Working Women Hostel
Introduced in 1972-73 and after amendment re-launched on 6th April, 2017
To promote availability of safe and conveniently located accommodation for working women, with day care facility for their children, wherever possible, in urban, semi urban, or even rural areas where employment opportunities for women exist.
Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme for the Children of Working Mothers
The programme was recast by the Government of India in 2006 
1. To provide day-care facilities for children (6 months to 6 years) of working mothers in the community.
2. To improve nutrition and health status of children.
3. To promote physical, cognitive, social and emotional development of children.
4. To educate and empower parents /caregivers for better childcare.
SWADHAR Scheme (A Scheme for Women in Difficult Circumstances)
2002
For providing holistic and integrated services to women in difficult circumstances and without any family, social and economic support, such as  destitute widows deserted by their family in religious places like Vrindhaban and Kashi, women prisoners released from jails; women survivors of natural disasters who have been rendered homeless, trafficked women/girls rescued or runaway from brothels, women victims of terrorist violence without any means for survival, mentally challenged women and women with HIV/AIDS deserted by their family, etc.
Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP)
The Ministry has been administering STEP Scheme since 1986-87 as a ‘Central Sector Scheme’. It was revised in December, 2014
To provide skills that give employability to women, to provide competencies and skill that enable women to become self-employed/ entrepreneurs. 
Nari Shakti Puraskar
1999
To recognise women who have exceeded expectations to challenge the status quo and make a lasting contribution to women’s empowerment.
Women Empowerment and Livelihood Programme in Mid-Gangetic Plains- 'Priyadarshini'
Pilot Project
It focuses on Women empowerment and Livelihood in Mid-Gangetic Plains. It also empower to address their political, legal, health problems.
Mahila E-Haat
7th March, 2016
It will help women to make financial and economic choices which will enable them to be a part of ‘Make in India’ and ‘Stand Up India’ initiatives.
 Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) is also known as the National Credit Fund for Women (NCFW)
1993
It caters to the credit needs of the poor and asset-less women in the informal sector.
Central Social Welfare Board (CSWB)
 1953
To promote social welfare activities and implementing welfare programmes for women and children through voluntary organisations.
Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA)
1982-83
To improve the socio-economic status of the poor women in
the rural areas through creation of groups of women for income-generating activities on a self-sustaining
basis. 
In the above GK list of Women Empowerment Programmes/Schemes gives a brief outline that will be easily memorize by the aspirants of different competitive examinations.

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